So you’ve decided to visit your local lumber yard in order to search for building materials for sale. You’re probably looking for materials for a home improvement project, right? With the remodeling industry expected to grow 2% each year through 2025, a lot of us are taking this time that we’ve been spending at home and using it to work on both the appearance and functionality of our homes. For many of us, this means using wood products to create both furniture and structural components of houses.

But the question you may have is what types of wood should we focus on? Different types of wood will function excellently for different purposes. Some may work better as decking materials, while others can be utilized to create kitchen cabinets. In other cases, natural wood may not always be the right choice, and engineered wood products should be used. With that being said, let’s look into some of the different types of wood as building materials for sale, and how they function.

1. Walnut

Walnut is a type of hardwood and can be used both for aesthetic and structural purposes. Technically speaking, the type of wood used as building materials for sale in the United States is most often black walnut. It’s commonly used for furniture, and with good reason. It’s remarkably stable on a dimensional level and has excellent strength properties as well as structural integrity. But additionally, the coloration of walnut in itself is a major reason why you’ll often see it being used for furniture-making purposes.

Usually, walnut will move from a light brown to a dark brown color, sometimes with speckling. It’s classified as a lightweight wood with medium texture and is moderately open grain. Typically, it should be finished with oil-based polyurethane.

2. Red Oak

Another type of hardwood, oak is widely available in the U.S. as oak trees typically are grown in the northern hemisphere. Technically speaking, there are 600 different types of oak, and they fall into the deciduous and evergreen categories. Every type of oak, including red oak, is known for being quite heavy, as well as strong and durable. It’s also very resistant to fungal issues.

In contrast to walnut, red oak is known for ranging from a blondish color to the titular red shades that we associate it with. It’s quite strong and is also known for being porous with open grain patterns. Additionally, it can be used with its natural finish or an oil finish. Red oak is often used for furniture, as well as flooring, paneling, and molding among other things.

3. Parana Pine

Looking into a softwood, let’s explore parana pine. Although they are not quite as strong as hardwoods, softwoods can still be found among building materials for sale. Parana pine is also sometimes referred to as Brazilian pine. Free of pitch streaks, resin ducts, and pitch pockets, parana pine has a high nail holding capacity and shear strength. However, during drying and compression, it can warp.

Light to medium brown, parana pine can sometimes darken to a red color. It’s quite light but is also very hard, with straight graining. It’s often used for interior woodwork as well as framing lumber and door stock. Initial seal coats are used to finish parana pine, though several coats are often needed.

4. White Spruce

White spruce trees can be found throughout the mountain ranges of Europe, and it’s known for being easily moldable. It turns and planes quite easily. Additionally, nails and screws can be used on white spruce. The only issue with white spruce is that it can decay quite easily, and therefore it needs to be finished properly.

In terms of color, as the name implies white spruce is typically creamy. It can deepen to a yellowish or even reddish color. This type of wood is moderately hard, as well as fine-grained, with straight graining.

There are a lot of things that you should keep in mind when choosing a type of wood for your home improvement project, whether you’re creating furniture or simply reinforcing your floors. Make sure that you research and make an informed decision for long-term purposes.